Supported Applications


  • Description

    carries out rigid body, tls, restrained or unrestrained refinement against Xray data, or idealisation of a macromolecular structure. It minimises the coordinate parameters to satisfy either a Maximum Likelihood or Least Squares residual. REFMAC also produces an MTZ output file containing weighted coefficients for SigmaA weighted mFo-DFcalc and 2mFo-DFcalc maps, where missing data have been restored.

  • Primary Citation*

    G. N. Murshudov, P. Skubák, A. A. Lebedev, N. S. Pannu, R. A. Steiner, R. A. Nicholls, M. D. Winn, F. Long, and A. A. Vagin. 2011. REFMAC5 for the refinement of macromolecular crystal structures. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 67(4): 355-367.

    • *Full citation information available through

  • Keywords

    Crystallography, Electron Microscopy

  • Default Versions

    Linux 64:  5.8.0091
    OS X INTEL:  5.7.0028

  • Other Available Versions

      Linux 32:

      5.7.0029, 5.7.0028, 5.6.0119-big , 5.6.0119, 5.6.0081, 5.5.0000, 5.4.0066-big, 5.4.0066, 5.3.0040, 5.3.0036-big
    • Linux 64:

    • OS X INTEL:

      5.8.0091, 5.6.0119
    • powermac:

      5.5.0000, 5.4.0066, 5.3.0038
  • Developers

    Rob Nicholls, Garib Murshudov.